How much does a gallon of paint weigh?

Are you preparing to paint a large area or make home improvements? Whether you’re repainting a boat, putting up a big fence, cleaning up the inside or outside of your home, or doing anything else, you should prepare ahead. The weight of the gallon of paint is among the most crucial things to consider.

It is challenging to pinpoint a precise weight due to the variety of paint kinds and the fluctuating thickness of paints. Paint typically weighs between 6 and 12 pounds per gallon. The accurate weight varies, however, depending on the type and maker. The viscosity and weight of acrylic, latex, enamel and oil-based paints differ. The weight of a five-gallon pail ranges from 40 to 60 pounds.

paint weight guide
paint weight guide simplified

Let’s examine the various types of paint in more detail so you can estimate the weight of your paint before sending it.

Weight of a gallon of paint

Knowing the precise weight of your paint gallon can help you calculate the actual weight of the whole load required for your assignment since paint is sometimes marketed in gallons or quarts. This information will be helpful if you’re painting a yacht or purchasing a large quantity of paint. Depending on the kind and brand of paint, the weight varies.

Paints in the gallon size often weigh between 6 and 12 pounds. This site will likely contain latex and enamel paints. Sometimes, tempera paints come in gallon or half-gallon proportions. On the other hand, acrylic and oil-based paints are often sold in lesser quantities.

Sometimes, latex and acrylic paints are combined to create a single paint. They are acrylic-based latex paints, not vinyl-based latex paints. The color could not stick to surfaces and acrylic resin since vinyl is a less expensive component. The best acrylic/latex paints are available in gallon quantities.

You can choose the best kind of paint for your project with the aid of unique information about the paint. Some manufacturers provide the product’s weight in the details section when customers purchase paint online. You might also visit a nearby hardware shop and ask for assistance figuring out the weight.

gallon paint bucket size

What is the weight of five gallons of paint?

A gallon of paint typically weighs between 40 and 60 pounds in a five-gallon bucket. Depending on the kind of paint and its manufacturer, the weight will change.

For instance, a five-gallon latex paint bottle weighs around 56 pounds. The bucket adds about 10 to 15 pounds to the total weight.

Estimating how much ground a gallon of paint can cover

The average coverage of a gallon of paint is between 350 and 400 square feet, sufficient for a small space like a bathroom.

Use two gallons, equivalent to 800 square feet or an average-sized room, if you need to paint a bigger space.

Nevertheless, this may change depending on the surface you’ll be painting. When painting exposed drywall, more than a gallon of paint is often needed for an equivalent application.

Additionally, you must choose how many coats of paint to use on the surface. Applying two coats of paint is the easiest way to provide a more aesthetically attractive finish on a surface that has been substantially patched or unfinished. As a result, you will need to use twice as many gallons to finish your job.


What are the many paint varieties, and how much do they weigh?

Paints are used for many different things and come in various colors. The home renovation industry’s most popular types of paint are latex and oil-based. You may buy certain paints and brands in smaller amounts, such as quarts. Although specific colors and brands are also offered in quart quantities, they are typically sold in gallon or 5-gallon containers.

There are other paints available for unique areas and uses. The walls should be painted with interior paint. The components in outside paints, applied to outside surfaces like homes and fences, increase their resistance to the elements. Each kind of paint’s density is governed by its composition.

The bulk of paint gallons used for house remodeling will be of comparable weight. Let’s examine each of the most popular home improvement paints in its biggest gallon size.

Latex paint

Water-based paint is another name for latex paint. More significant regions may benefit significantly from its short drying time and inexpensive cost. The most popular kind of paint for quality interior walls is latex. It is lighter & thinner than other types interior paints because of its water-based makeup.

Typically, a gallon of quality latex paint weighs around 10 to 12 pounds. More solvents along with solids are used in premium latex paint, which improves adhesion and requires fewer treatments. It will be heavier than a paint thinner, less adherent quality latex paint that will not cover as effectively.

Acrylic Paint

There are now two types of acrylic paint: solvent-based and water-based. Acrylic paint may be applied both indoors and outdoors. It is frequently used for window trim & shutters because of its durable and simple-to-clean surface. It may hide stains and flaws as it contains more quality acrylic solids than normal latex paint. Each gallon of quality acrylic paint weighs around 11 lbs.

Oil Based Paint

Moldings and cabinets are often painted with oil based paint. The drying time is slightly longer than with latex, but the protection and coating are superior. Popular oil-based paints include enamel paints. They come in light paints category, with the typical gallon weighing 10 pounds and certain specialist paints weighing around as low as 6 lbs per gallon.

Trending: can you use latex paint with oil based primer

The Conversion From Gallons to Pounds

The liquid has an impact on the conversion of a gallon to weight. The weights or densities of different liquids differ. Additionally, they change with temperature. For instance, a gallon of milk weighs around 8.6 pounds, but a gallon of water weighs approximately 8.35 pounds.

Keep in mind the gravity or the substrate’s density about the water’s density when calculating the weight per gallon. Some manufacturers provide the paint’s specific gravity in the physical attributes portion of the safety data sheet. Multiply the specific gravity by 8.35 to obtain pounds per gallon (if the temperature is 39.2 degrees F).

A gallon-to-pound conversion tool, like the one on, is another option. On the other hand, the calculator can only convert liquids, including latex paint and other liquids.


What Elements Affect Paint Weight?

The composition of the paint has an impact on how much a gallon weighs.

Paint is made up of four major components.

  • Pigment
  • Resin
  • Solids
  • Solvents

weight of the gallon of paint is determined by the many combinations of these four elements.


The element that gives paint its color is pigment. Organic or synthetic pigments are also acceptable. The makeup will determine how much they weigh. While some are solid and weighty, others are light and airy.

A gallon of paint’s color depends on how many and what sort of pigments are used in it. Theoretically, a paint that is darker or brighter and has more pigments should be heavier than one that is paler.


You may think of resin as the paint’s foundation and the basis of its name. For instance, the resins included in polyurethane and acrylic latex give them their names. Pigments are joined together by resins, which also help the paint stick to a surface. The overall weight of a gallon of paint will vary depending on the kind and quantity of resin used. 

Solvents are compounds that aid in fusing pigments and resins. The two most popular forms of paint are solvent- and water-based.


Similar to water-based latex paint, manufacturers may utilize water as a solvent. Solvents made of water evaporate more quickly and are better for the environment. They often weigh less than solvent-based paints because they have less heavy components.

Paints with solvent bases are thicker and cure more slowly. Applying paint with a solvent has the benefit of making it thicker, which may hide wall defects. Solvents are often heavier than water; depending on the other ingredients in the paint, a gallon of solvent-based paint may weigh more than water-based paint.


To improve and modify the qualities of the paint, additives are utilized. Some substances help the paint to glide. Other additions enhance the durability and scuff resistance of the paint. Additives may accelerate the drying process. The quantity and kind of additives used may alter the total weight of paint.

Factors Affecting Paint Weight

Paint type and paint base are the two main variables that affect paint weight.

The paint’s composition brings on the weight fluctuation. Paints that are oil- and water-based are the most prevalent varieties. Each painting is made up of a pigment and a liquid.

However, some paints include additives like rust or oil that improve the pigment and priming.

The liquid component known as the base is where all other components dissolve. Oil-based paints include oil or a solvent, but water-based paints do not.

Compared to oil-based paints, water-based paints are often thicker. Water is also less dangerous since it dries quickly and has less volatile chemical components (VOCs). Additionally, it is easily cleanable with soap and water.

In addition to synthetic solvent and natural linseed oil, oil-based paint also contains harsh ingredients. Only use it in well-ventilated areas. Use mineral spirits or paint thinner to improve the consistency of the paint.

Acrylic resin is a component of acrylic paint. It includes more acrylic by nature since it employs an acrylic polymer emulsion. Unfortunately, gallon amounts of acrylic paint are seldom available for purchase unless coupled with latex paint.

Can water be heavier than paint?

The majority of the chemicals used to make paint are not water-based. Paints may be either heavier or lighter than water. Because paint is more severe than water, one gallon must weigh at least 8.35 pounds. If latex paint were 20% denser, a gallon would weigh 10 pounds.

In contrast, paint pigments are not present in an oil-based transparent varnish. The density of a gallon of water is 6,7 pounds, or around 80% of the thickness of water.

Paint’s weight per liter

The paint should be weighed in liters since acrylic and oil-based paints are lighter than water-based paints. Per liter, acrylic paint comes around three pounds. However, ounces are the accepted unit of measurement since they are the most often used. Weight varies depending on the color and manufacturer.


You may need to know the weight of your paint for various reasons. Large projects are wonderful examples. For instance, you may need to transport the paint from the shop carefully. You must first decide on the kind before you can compute the weight of a gallon of paint. The paint’s density may then be determined. In contrast, the manufacturer could provide the precise weight.



  • What is the weight of a paint bucket that weighs 5 kilograms?

Between 50 and 60 pounds are contained within a 5-pound bucket of paint. It takes 11 pounds to fill a 1-pound bucket—the precise calculation results in a range of 50 to 60 pounds. The weight will vary based on the type of paint and the container’s quality.

  • How much does a full 5-gallon bucket weigh?

The weight of a full bucket varies depending on the container, but depending on the contents, it may exceed 50 pounds. When the gallon is filled with water, it will weigh 42 pounds. Between 50 and 60 pounds will be the weight of the entire paint bucket.

  • What is the weight of four gallons of paint?

Enamel weighs about 11 pounds for a gallon. Therefore, 4 gallons would be about 44 pounds in weight. These are estimates because the buckets used may change. As a result, anticipate one or two mistakes. The type of paint employed can also add variation.

  • What is the approximate weight of one gallon of water?

Since a gallon of water weighs approximately 8.33 pounds, it will be close to 8 pounds and 3 ounces in weight—approximately 3 kg. Depending on the water’s temperature and pressure, this could change.

  • Is paint lighter when dried?

Yes, paint frequently weighs less when dry than when wet. This means that the quantities provided are for dried paint when weighing the paint before making a purchase. About 12% of the water evaporates during the paint drying, reducing weight. As a result, the difference between the average dry and wet weight is about 2 pounds. checkout more about does paint dry lighter or darker on this post.

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